Spanish Words and Phrases

Some Basic Phrases

To learn more about Words and Phrases visit Learn the Spanish Language.

¡Buenos días!
bway-nohs dee-ahs
Hello! / Good morning!
¡Buenas tardes!
bway-nahs tard-ays
Good afternoon!
¡Buenas noches!
bway-nahs noh-chays
Good evening! / Good night!
¡Hola! /¡Chao!
oh-lah / chow
Hi! / Bye!
Good bye.
Por favor.
por fah-bor
Hasta la vista / Hasta luego.
ah-stah lah vees-tah / ah-stah loo-ay-go
See you / See you later.
Hasta pronto.
ah-stah prohn-toh
See you soon.
Hasta mañana.
ah-stah mahn-yahn-ah
See you tomorrow.
(Muchas) Gracias.
(moo-chahs) grah-see-ahs
Thank you (very much).
De nada.
day nah-dahYou’re welcome.
Lo sientoloh see-ehn-toh

I’m sorry

Con permiso/ Perdón
kohn pehr-mee-soh / pehr-dohnExcuse me / Pardon
bah-mohsLet’s go!
¿Cómo está usted?koh-moh ay-stah oo-sted
How are you? (formal)
¿Cómo estás?
koh-moh ay-stahs
How are you? (informal)
¿Qué tal?
kay tahl
How’s it going?
Bien / Muy bien
bee-ehn / moy bee-ehn
Good / Very good
Mal / Muy mal / Más o menosmahl / moy mahl / mahs oh may-nohs
Bad / Very bad / OK
Sí / No
see / nohYes / No
¿Cómo se llama usted?koh-moh say yah-mah oo-sted
What is your name? (formal)
¿Cómo te llamas?
koh-moh tay yah-mahs
What is your name? (informal)
Me llamo…
may yah-moh
My name is…
Mucho gusto. /Encantado.
moo-choh goo-stoh / en-cahn-tah-doh
Nice to meet you.
Same here.
Señor / Señora / Señoritasayn-yor / sayn-yor-ah / sayn-yor-ee-tah
Mister / Mrs. / Miss
¿De dónde es usted?
day dohn-day ehs oo-sted
Where are you from? (formal)
¿De dónde eres?
day dohn-day eh-rehs
Where are you from? (informal)
Yo soy de…
yoh soy day
I’m from…
¿Cuántos años tiene usted?quahn-tohs ahn-yohs tee-ay-nay oo-sted
How old are you? (formal)
¿Cuántos años tienes?quahn-tohs ahn-yohs tee-ayn-ays
How old are you? (informal)
Yo tengo _____ años.
yoh tayn-goh _____ ahn-yohs
I am _____ years old.
¿Habla usted español?
ah-blah oo-sted eh-spahn-yol
Do you speak Spanish? (formal)
¿Hablas ingles?
ah-blahs een-glehs
Do you speak English? (informal)
(No) Hablo…
noh ah-blohI (don’t) speak…
¿Entiende usted? / ¿Entiendes?
ehn-tyen-deh oo-sted / ehn-tyen-dehsDo you understand? (formal / informal)
(No) Entiendo.
noh ehn-tyen-dohI (don’t) understand.
Yo (no lo) se.
yoh noh loh sehI (don’t) know.
¿Puede ayudarme?
pweh-deh ah-yoo-dar-mehCan you help me?
Claro que sí
klah-roh keh seeOf course
koh-mohWhat? Pardon me?
¿Dónde está / Dónde están…

dohn-deh eh-stah / dohn-deh eh-stahnWhere is … / Where are … ?
Hay / Había…
eye / ah-bee-ahThere is / are… / There was / were…
Cómo se dice ____ en español?
koh-moh seh dee-ceh ___ on eh-spahn-yolHow do you say ____ in Spanish?
Qué es esto?
keh ehs ehs-tohWhat is that?
¿Qué te pasa?
keh teh pah-sahWhat’s the matter (with you)?
No importa.
noh eem-por-tahIt doesn’t matter.
Qué pasa?
keh pah-sahWhat’s happening?
No tengo ninguna idea.
noh tehn-goh neen-goo-nah ee-deh-ahI have no idea.
Estoy cansado / enfermo.
eh-stoy kahn-sah-doh / ehn-fehr-mohI’m tired / sick.
Tengo hambre / sed.
tehn-goh ahm-breh / sedI’m hungry / thirsty.
Tengo calor / frío.
tehn-goh kah-lohr / free-ohI’m hot / cold.
Estoy aburrido.
eh-stoy ah-boo-ree-dohI’m bored.
No me importa.
noh meh eem-por-tahI don’t care.
No se preocupe.
noh seh preh-oh-koo-peh
Don’t worry
Está bien.
ehs-tah bee-ehnThat’s alright.
Me olvidé.
meh ohl-vee-dehI forgot.
Tengo que ir ahora.
tehn-goh keh eer ah-oh-rahI must go now.
sah-loodBless you!
¡Buena suerte!
bweh-nah swehr-tehGood luck!
Te toca a ti.
teh toh-kah ah teeIt’s your turn. (informal)
kah-yah-tehShut up!
Te amo.
tay ah-moh
I love you. (informal and singular)


Notice that Spanish has informal and formal ways of saying things.
This is because there is more than one meaning to “you” in Spanish
(as well as in many other languages.) The informal you is used when talking
to close friends, relatives, animals or children. The formal you is used when
talking to someone you just met, do not know well, or someone for whom you
would like to show respect (a professor, for example.) There are also two
ways to say you in the plural, used when speaking to more than one person.

Encantado, cansado, enfermo, and aburrido are the
masculine forms of the words. If the words refer to a woman or are spoken
by a woman, then the o changes to a.

This article was used with permission from:
Indo-European Languages


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